Observer status in the Arctic Council is open to non-Arctic states that the Council determines can contribute to its work. Currently six non-Arctic states have the status of Permanent Observer: France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom. Observer states receive invitations for most meetings of the Council, such as the Meetings of Senior Arctic Officials (SAO-Meetings), the Ministerial Meetings, and many of the Working Group meetings. Their participation in projects and task forces within the Working Groups is not always possible, but this poses few problems as few Observer States show an interest to participate at such a detailed level. Ad-hoc observer States, of which there are four plus the European Union, need to request permission for their presence at each individual meeting. Such requests are mostly granted as a matter of routine.
World Trade Organization
The WTO has 153 members, representing more than 97% of total world trade and 30 observers, most seeking membership. The WTO is governed by a ministerial conference, meeting every two years; a general council, which implements the conference's policy decisions and is responsible for day-to-day administration; and a director-general, who is appointed by the ministerial conference. The WTO's headquarters is at the Centre William Rappard, Geneva, Switzerland.
GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development
GUAM's charter was signed during a summit in Yalta on June 6 to June 7, 2001 by the four current members and Uzbekistan, which later withdrew. According to the former Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko the charter set objectives for cooperation, such as promoting democratic values, ensuring stable development, enhancing international and regional security and stepping up European integration. Moldova's 2000 elections were won by the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova who have realigned their foreign policy towards Europe shortly before the parliamentary election held in March 2005.
06.10.2007 MDB dövlət başçılarının növbəti zirvə toplantısı keçirilir Oktyabrın 5-də Azərbaycan Respublikasının Prezidenti İlham Əliyev MDB üzvü olan ölkələrin dövlət başçılarının növbəti zirvə toplantısında iştirak etmək üçün Tacikistanın paytaxtı Düşənbəyə yola düşmüşdür.
Düşənbə hava limanında Prezident İlham Əliyevi Tacikistanın nəqliyyat və kommunikasiyalar naziri Əbdürəhim Aşur və MDB-nin İcraiyyə Komitəsinin sədri - icraçı katib Vladimir Ruşaylo və digər rəsmi şəxslər qarşılamışlar.